Natural Law Perspective
The various forms of contraception available to human beings are against the natural laws. Human beings were created to procreate and produce fertile offspring (Grisez, 1964, pp. 4). This is restricted to married couples and not those who are not married. The use of contraceptives can cause injury to the sexual organs and bar them from functioning accordingly. The natural laws do not promote the use of contraceptives as they impede giving birth, which is an essential area where the natural law is looking forward to protecting. The use of contraceptives has negative consequences on morality (Kainz, 2004, pp. 133). Sex is a preserve for those who are married and not the youths. However, the presence of contraceptives exposes youths to the engagement in sex with an assurance they will not have children of whom they cannot take care (Bridges, 2013, pp. 55). The use of contraceptives spreads sexual immorality in the society and thereby leading to moral decadence in the end. The use of contraceptives is comparable to killing although not directly. This is because it affects reproduction. Some contraceptives have been used to destroy the reproductive cycle, and this is so much discouraging (George, 1998, pp. 77). There are those who have had difficult times in having children just because they misused. Anything that interferes with natural production should not be encouraged. Contraceptives interfere in reproduction. Therefore, they should not be used by individuals who look forward to having children in future. It is not moral to continue using contraceptives not only because of their negative health effects but also because of contravening natural laws (Grisez, 1964, pp. 241).
Code of Professional Conduct
Medics are encouraged to inform their clients about the deleterious effects of the contraceptives that they use (Dennis et. al., 2012, pp. 168). The medics should not decide to the clients the contraceptive they are expected to use but play advisory roles to them. Legislation on the use of contraceptives is very clear on how the healthcare professionals are supposed to deal with clients in need of contraceptives (Rhonheimer, 2000, pp. 137). It is against the Hippocratic rights of the medics to hide sensitive information from the clients that can lead to them being hurt. Clients are normally informed about the effects of using the different contraceptives so that they decide (Demarco, 1999, pp. 5). However, despite the legislations being very clear, they are underutilized. Some healthcare professionals may opt not to give complete information to the clients who use them to harm themselves obliviously. Some of the clients are also advised accordingly, but they disregard whatever they have been told. Some of the medics go against their code of conduct and legislations to promote the misuse of contraceptives, which is not only immoral but also unethical (Devettere, 2016, pp. 303). Healthcare organizations have to insure the prescribed contraceptive drugs and all the devices so as to cushion the clients against harm. Organizations that are not able to do so on religious grounds are exempted from that legal requirement.
Implementation of Legislation
The weaknesses that human beings have are the main impediment when it comes to the implementation of the legislation to the letter. In most cases, people implement the legislations selectively. The situation leads to a blow to the use of contraceptives that not only endangers the health of the users but also contradicts the natural laws. The contraceptives at times are not even insured and this is a blow to the users in case they are hurt (Dennis et. al., 2012, pp. 171). Many people, including the medics who are supposed to give direction to their clients, also violate the rules governing the access, provision, and the use of contraceptives. This has prompted other parties to uses contraceptives including the youths.
- Bridges, K.M., 2013. When pregnancy is an injury: rape, law, and culture.
- Demarco, D. (1999). New perspectives on contraception. Dayton, Ohio, One More Soul.
- Dennis, A., Clark, J., Córdova, D., McIntosh, J., Edlund, K., Wahlin, B., Tsikitas, L. and Blanchard, K., 2012. Access to contraception after health care reform in Massachusetts: a mixed-methods study investigating benefits and barriers. Contraception, 85(2), pp.166-172.
- Devettere, R. J. (2016). Practical decision making in health care ethics: cases, concepts, and virtue of prudence.
- George, R. P. (1998). Natural law and moral inquiry: ethics, metaphysics, and politics in the work of Germain Grisez. Washington, D.C., Georgetown University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=am3kAAAAMAAJ.
- Grisez, G. G. (1964). Contraception and the natural law. Milwaukee, Bruce.
- Kainz, H. P. (2004). Natural law: an introduction and re-examination. Chicago [u.a.], Open Court.
- Rhonheimer, M. (2000). Natural law and practical reason: a Thomist view of moral autonomy. New York, Fordham University Press.