16 Personality Traits
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. These preferences were extrapolated from the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung and first published in his 1921 book Psychological Types (English edition, 1923).
The original developers of the personality inventory were Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers. They began creating the indicator during World War II, believing that knowledge of personality preferences would help women who were entering the industrial workforce for the first time to identify the sort of war-time jobs where they would be “most comfortable and effective”. The initial questionnaire grew into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which was first published in 1962. The MBTI focuses on normal populations and emphasizes the value of naturally occurring differences.
The 16 types are typically referred to by an abbreviation of four letters—the initial letters of each of their four type preferences
- ESTJ: extraversion (E), sensing (S), thinking (T), judgment (J)
- INFP: introversion (I), intuition (N), feeling (F), perception (P)
When we talk about Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judging, Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving the attitude and attributes of different people came in to our mind. Every person has a personality and he falls in some categories.
Outwardly directed energy needed to move into action, Responsiveness to what is going on in the environment, A natural inclination to converse and to network
A mastery of the facts, Knowledge of what materials and resources are available, Appreciation of knowing and doing what works
Analysis of the pros and cons of situations, even when they have a personal stake, An ability to analyze and solve problems, Want to discover the “truth” and naturally notice logical inconsistencies.
Organization, planning, and follow through on projects, Push to get things settled and decided, Appreciation of well-organized efficiency
Inwardly directed energy needed for focused reflection, Stability from attending to enduring ideas, A natural tendency to think and work alone
Insight and attention to meanings, A grasp of what is possible and what the trends are, Appreciation of doing what hasn’t been tried before
Knowledge of what is important to people and adhere to that in the face of opposition, The ability to build relationships and to be persuasive, Desire to uncover the greatest good in a situation and notice when people may be harmed
Quickly and flexibly responding to the needs of the moment, Strive to keep things open so new information may be gathered, Appreciation of the need for spontaneity and exploration
Now we have to make combination of ESTJ and INFP according to some criteria and must have some relations and connections with each other.
The combination of the ESTJ and INFP is made according to the diagram as shown below. According these factors and interlinks we connects these traits with each other.
- Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I).
- Do you prefer to focus on the basic information you take in or do you prefer to interpret and add meaning? This is called Sensing (S) or Intuition (N).
- When making decisions, do you prefer to first look at logic and consistency or first look at the people and special circumstances? This is called Thinking (T) or Feeling (F).
- In dealing with the outside world, do you prefer to get things decided or do you prefer to stay open to new information and options? This is called Judging (J) or Perceiving (P).
Now after making combinations of ESTJ and INFP we came to know that we make 16 personality traits which quite helpful to understand the personality of a person individually. We make these combinations as follows.
- Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judgment
- Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, Judgment
- Introversion, Initiative, Feeling, Judgment,
- Introversion, Initiative, Thinking, Judgment
- Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving
- Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving
- Introversion, Initiative, Feeling, Perceiving
- Introversion, Initiative, thinking, Perceiving
- Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving
- Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving
- Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving
- Extraverted, Initiative, Thinking, Perceiving
- Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judgment
- Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, ,Judgment
- Extraverted, Initiative, Feeling, Judgment
- Extraverted, Initiative, Thinking, Judgment
ISTJ (Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judgment)
Quiet, serious, earn success by thoroughness and dependability. Practical, matter-of-fact, realistic, and responsible. Decide logically what should be done and work toward it steadily, regardless of distractions. Take pleasure in making everything orderly and organized – their work, their home, their life. Value traditions and loyalty.
ISFJ (Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, Judgment)
Quiet, friendly, responsible, and conscientious. Committed and steady in meeting their obligations. Thorough, painstaking, and accurate. Loyal, considerate, notice and remember specifics about people who are important to them, concerned with how others feel. Strive to create an orderly and harmonious environment at work and at home.
INFJ (Introversion, Initiative, Feeling, Judgment)
Seek meaning and connection in ideas, relationships, and material possessions. Want to understand what motivates people and are insightful about others. Conscientious and committed to their firm values. Develop a clear vision about how best to serve the common good. Organized and decisive in implementing their vision.
INTJ(Introversion, Initiative, Thinking, Judgment)
Have original minds and great drive for implementing their ideas and achieving their goals. Quickly see patterns in external events and develop long-range explanatory perspectives. When committed, organize a job and carry it through. Skeptical and independent, have high standards of competence and performance – for themselves and others.
ISTP (Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving)
Tolerant and flexible, quiet observers until a problem appears, then act quickly to find workable solutions. Analyze what makes things work and readily get through large amounts of data to isolate the core of practical problems. Interested in cause and effect, organize facts using logical principles, value efficiency.
ISFP (Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving)
Quiet, friendly, sensitive, and kind. Enjoy the present moment, what’s going on around them. Like to have their own space and to work within their own time frame. Loyal and committed to their values and to people who are important to them. Dislike disagreements and conflicts, do not force their opinions or values on others.
INFP (Introversion, Initiative, Feeling, Perceiving)
Idealistic, loyal to their values and to people who are important to them. Want an external life that is congruent with their values. Curious, quick to see possibilities, can be catalysts for implementing ideas. Seek to understand people and to help them fulfill their potential. Adaptable, flexible, and accepting unless a value is threatened.
INTP (Introversion, Initiative, thinking, Perceiving)
Seek to develop logical explanations for everything that interests them. Theoretical and abstract, interested more in ideas than in social interaction. Quiet, contained, flexible, and adaptable. Have unusual ability to focus in depth to solve problems in their area of interest. Skeptical, sometimes critical, always analytical.
ESTP (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving)
Flexible and tolerant, they take a pragmatic approach focused on immediate results. Theories and conceptual explanations bore them – they want to act energetically to solve the problem. Focus on the here-and-now, spontaneous, enjoy each moment that they can be active with others. Enjoy material comforts and style. Learn best through doing.
ESFP (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving)
Outgoing, friendly, and accepting. Exuberant lovers of life, people, and material comforts. Enjoy working with others to make things happen. Bring common sense and a realistic approach to their work, and make work fun. Flexible and spontaneous, adapt readily to new people and environments. Learn best by trying a new skill with other people.
ENFP (Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving)
Warmly enthusiastic and imaginative. See life as full of possibilities. Make connections between events and information very quickly, and confidently proceed based on the patterns they see. Want a lot of affirmation from others, and readily give appreciation and support. Spontaneous and flexible, often rely on their ability to improvise and their verbal fluency.
- ENTP (Extraverted, Initiative, Thinking, Perceiving)
Quick, ingenious, stimulating, alert, and outspoken. Resourceful in solving new and challenging problems. Adept at generating conceptual possibilities and then analyzing them strategically. Good at reading other people. Bored by routine, will seldom do the same thing the same way, apt to turn to one new interest after another.
ESTJ (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judgment)
Practical, realistic, matter-of-fact. Decisive, quickly move to implement decisions. Organize projects and people to get things done, focus on getting results in the most efficient way possible. Take care of routine details. Have a clear set of logical standards, systematically follow them and want others to also. Forceful in implementing their plans.
ESFJ (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, ,Judgment)
Warmhearted, conscientious, and cooperative. Want harmony in their environment, work with determination to establish it. Like to work with others to complete tasks accurately and on time. Loyal, follow through even in small matters. Notice what others need in their day-by-day lives and try to provide it. Want to be appreciated for who they are and for what they contribute.
ENFJ (Extraverted, Initiative, Feeling, Judgment)
Warm, empathetic, responsive, and responsible. Highly attuned to the emotions, needs, and motivations of others. Find potential in everyone, want to help others fulfill their potential. May act as catalysts for individual and group growth. Loyal, responsive to praise and criticism. Sociable, facilitate others in a group, and provide inspiring leadership.
ENTJ (Extraverted, Initiative, Thinking, Judgment)
Frank, decisive, assume leadership readily. Quickly see illogical and inefficient procedures and policies, develop and implement comprehensive systems to solve organizational problems. Enjoy long-term planning and goal setting. Usually well informed, well read, enjoy expanding their knowledge and passing it on to others. Forceful in presenting their ideas.