Procedures and Routines
There are various procedures and routines depending on the school. This is because different schools have different administration. During the first day in school, students are introduced to the calendar of that semester. They are then advised to handle in their assignments to the respective departments. The school calendar mostly entails the days for sitting for an exams and other important functions that are to be held in the school.
A teacher must be able to come up with strategies that will assist in achieving classroom motivation. The teacher ought to believe that he can provide motivation for students in the classroom. For this to happen, the teacher should believe that students want to learn reading skills. The teacher ought to establish an environment that will make learning engaging for the students (Ackerman, 2007). This can only happen when the teacher understands that students are humans who are motivated with the same things that motivate adults. The teacher serves an imperative function in the administration of the classroom. The small roles might not be necessary for efficient classroom management, but they assist students to survive in the classroom. This will make students invest in education and protect it because they want it to work.
Reading is considered as one of the most important skill that a child learns from school. This is because a child must learn to read so that he can excel in other academic areas. The perception of teachers is very crucial when dealing with any proficient reader. This is because teachers have great impact on learning than any other person. Perception of secondary school teachers on whether they should teach reading skills is very influential for the successes of secondary school teachers. Therefore, it is important for teachers to have a positive attitude towards teaching reading skills to their students. This is because students are likely to conform to how their teachers label them.
The effectiveness of teaching reading skills in a class depends on the teacher’s ability to maintain order in the classroom (Ackerman, 2007). When the teacher is unable to maintain order in a classroom then students are not able to learn reading skills. There are different strategies that can be used by a teacher for classroom management. A teacher can use the give up model, inducement model, knowledge and control model or classroom community model. Effective reading skills can be achieved when a teacher establishes a conducive classroom climate. The teacher is supposed to create a classroom climate that is focused, fun and safe for the students.
Every teacher needs to understand the role that is played by awards for learning and teaching reading skills. The topic of rewards and awards is very controversial and should be handled very carefully (Lalani, & Rodrigues, 2012). There are teachers who give students candy to get the behavior they want. Teachers should understand that good behavior is not achieved by giving candy to students. Giving candy to students is not a good strategy for teaching and learning reading skills. Good performance can be achieved when teachers do things that would make them perform at their highest level. This can be achieved when a teacher notices good behavior and rewards it by specific praises. Teachers should encourage students to read together aloud when they are sitting on the floor because it is a way of promoting classroom community. Books can be used as effective classroom management resources when student read them together loudly.
Active Learning Strategies
These strategies are used to replace lecturing by teachers which is teacher centered to facilitating which is student centered. There are six approaches that can be utilized to hearten student center form of instruction.
Short Lecture and Lesson tasks
For many years, teachers have lectured their students for long hours as they scribble notes. It has been proven that short lectures are more effective than long lectures when it comes to learning. The short lectures are followed by class exercise; thus, the teacher will know whether students have understood what he has just taught them. This type of learning strategy gives room for students to ask questions where they have not understood.
This is an effectual approach of learning because it encourages active learning. Students learn 95% on what they teach others because they are adequately prepared with the content they plan to teach (Lalani, & Rodrigues, 2012). Peer teaching does not only encourage active learning, but it also sharpens the communication skill of a student. Peer teaching does not involve teaching the whole class but it can be used to teach small groups of only two students. This strategy has helped in teaching complex material because students are willing to share the materials they know when they are in small groups.
Cooperative Learning Groups
Cooperative learning involves the grouping of students from one another to attain the desired goals in education (Jones & Jones, 2013). Success in education is a result of students working together as a team. When a member fails then the whole group will have negative impacts. Each student is given specific roles to research on in connection to educational matters. This makes students to be active in the topic they are researching as they reflect upon the topic. A group can be composed of students who have different opinions of a subject and debate about the subject. When students are debating upon a certain subject they are able to understand the topic perfectly.
This is another active strategy since a teacher engages fun materials when he is teaching. The teacher can get fun materials from the internet and incorporate it in the curriculum. A teacher can use classroom jeopardy which resembles the television type of jeopardy. The teacher provides the answers to a certain question and students are expected to come up with the questions.
There is a development of electronics in classroom for the past few years. Students used to carry heavy books and laptops in the classroom, which was disadvantageous to the size of unit (Jones & Jones, 2013). The introduction of netbooks facilitated similar functions with smaller and lighter materials. Tablets are used as household products thus; most people are using them for studying and taking notes. Teachers are using tablets as multimedia content to facilitate learning process. The use of smart tablets in class is beneficial to students because they are helpful in lectures, allow faster information retrieval, and are environmentally friendly.
Tablets are fast as students’ use less time in searching information compared to other learning materials. Students get the information about a topic by use of tablets thus saving a lot of time. Tablets have a large screen that provides enough space for taking many notes (Lalani, & Rodrigues, 2012). Large screens on tablets provide students with visual ways of learning. Many apps instill drawing and writing skills for young children. Tablets have a visual nature device that makes learning easier for students. This is because most subjects become easy to learn for students as they see what they are taught. Students learn current activities that are going on globally by use of tablets.
Tablets are multipurpose as they combine the ability to solve mathematical problems and learn literature easier. They assist students to solve complex mathematical problems that were a burden. Various mathematical applications assist students in solving and understanding equations. There are unique features in tablets that facilitate teaching and learning process. The motion sensor in tablets provides students with an opportunity of using their hands for instructing the tablet to conduct equilibrium and balance skills (Lalani, & Rodrigues, 2012). The clinometer assists students to measure wall levels, surfaces and determine precise angles that incline and decline. Physics students can measure accelerations and change in force by using tablets. Tablets are used in aerobic classes to measure exertion levels, balance and repetition.
The perception of teachers is very crucial when dealing with any proficient reader. This is because teachers have great impact on learning than any other person. The effectiveness of teaching reading skills in a class depends on the teacher’s ability to maintain order in the classroom. A teacher must be able to come up with strategies that will assist in achieving classroom motivation. Every teacher needs to understand the role that is played by awards for learning and teaching reading skills.
- Ackerman, B. (2007). PRAISE: Effectively guiding student behavior. Colorado Springs, Colorado: ACSI.
- Jones, V., & Jones L. (2013). Comprehensive classroom management: Creating communities of support and solving problems (10th). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
- Lalani, S & Rodrigues, S. (2012). A Teacher’s Perception and Practice of Assessing the Reading Skills of Young Learners. Retrieved on June, 7th 2013 from,