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Theories on Teamwork and Role of Group Members

Group Presentation

Experience Working With Team

Every team member concluded his best efforts to summarize and analyze the data to finalize the presentation. The topic is a genuine and one of the most rapid issues in the world. The fake news that is truly nonsense and insane are now big trends for Facebook.

Due to enhancement in advance technology, the people are more relying on the machines than that of man as in the case of Facebook. People share the news without further investigating it.  It is not an easy task to collect data related to fake news on Facebook because you have to study thoroughly, the newspapers, articles and books to examine the reliability of the data. Each member of the team tries to combine research articles and case examples to help the other team members in achieving the goal. (Terry hall fill, 2005)

Theories on Teamwork and Role of Group Members

Team Work

Teamwork is an effort made by the members of the team to build a team design and highlights the factors that affect the performance of the team members. (Stewart, G. L 1999).

Team

The team means unity and enthusiasm to work for a common goal or interest. The team and teamwork play a vital role in sustaining the success of any organization or a specific task. (Church 1998). Team and teamwork are referred to the commitment of the employee (Huszczo 1990).

Importance Of Teamwork

The teamwork is an effort to work collectively because the group work is always bigger than working in parts (individually). There are some reasons that best describe the importance of teamwork

  1. It creates the synergy in the team members because the sum is greater than the parts.
  2. “It promotes the structure to minimize hierarchy” (flatter and leaner)
  3. It encourages group works because the long project can easily be divided into individual tasks.
  4. If the team has a potential leader then teamwork is a better option to work with it.

“Friends never let the other friends down” it was a popular quota; try to choose the list of friends who came to aid when needed. So, first, make a team, and then analyze the working of your team (Richard Branson 2017). However, not all the team members should be friends, the selection of team members must be made based on effectiveness.  (David V. Pynadath, 2002)

Effectiveness Of Teamwork

The effectiveness of the teamwork is depended upon the technology and approaches that are being used by the team to motivate his employees within a task. The selection and placement of the strategies are very important in the effectiveness of the team. The strategy must be flexible within the group and fully understandable between the team members. (Neuman, Wagner, & Christiansen, 1999).

Theories Of Teamwork

Bruce Tuckman’s Model

This theory was first created in 1965 and has been applied in many organizations for best results. This theory is the basis for effective team buildings. Tuckman’s theory is the most famous teamwork theory because it studied the behavior of small groups in the society from different perspectives. In this theory, the teamwork is analyzed with the help of four stages. These four stages are

  1. Forming
  2. Storming
  3. Norming
  4. Performing
Belbin’s Theory

This theory is created to examine the roles of the team working collectively for a common interest. It includes nine roles that every team should keep in mind while working in a team. These are

  1. Plant where the team is performing its task
  2. Resource allocator and investigator
  3. Co-ordination with other team members.
  4. Shape his attitude towards task achievement
  5. Monitor the working of each member
  6. Team worker
  7. Implement a strategy of the team
  8. Work collectively to finish the task
  9. The team member should be Specialist in his work
Hierarchy Of Needs Theory

This theory was introduced by Abraham Maslow to motivate humans. This theory creates some building blocks for successful teamwork. The hierarchy of needs theory starts with the need of

  1. food
  2. Safety
  3. Health
  4. Love and belongings i.e. family members
  5. Self-actualization i.e. morality
MBTI Theory

This theory was introduced by Isabel Briggs-Myers and used for test the personality of the people and how they perceive in the world. This theory is an indicator for the team members to know the qualities and behaviour of the team members. It can also help the leader to understand the abilities of the team members working under him. (D Siassakos, 2009)

Leadership Theory

This theory provides a model for a perfect leader and how he must create the relationship with the other management staff.

Carl Color Theory

This theory was introduced to determine the human behaviour. The behaviour of the team members would tell you that what your team could do.

Theory Of Social Identity

This theory examines the inter-group attitudes to better understand each other.

Theory Of X And Y

This theory is developed to describe that how a person can be motivated by facts. This theory is mostly used in organizations to know the abilities of managers and employees.

Strength Theory

This theory provides a list of ideas for the team to become strong in a working situation.

Analysis theory

This theory evaluates the facts and analyzes what went wrong in the strategy and you will need to re-plan the strategy.

Literature Review

Scarlatti (2001) define teamwork as a process of cooperation that helps people in achieving excellent results in their team. Luca &Tarricone (2001) elucidated that each member of the team plays an integral part in any organization. The success of every team depends upon the existing synergy between the members and environment that are being created by team members.  Johnson & Johnson (1999) describes that the teamwork relies on the individual working, skills and the environment because these are the factors that influence a team to achieve its goal in a better way.  (Sheehan, 2010)

Team Work Concepts

There are some core concepts that are related to the team which include the norms, goals and roles etc.

Norms

These norms in a group of the team are referred to as policies or standards. These are agreeable rules that a team should maintain to identify the performance behaviour of each member of the team.

Reflection Of The Norms

Norms are preferred by well-organized teams to

  1. Know the member’s attitude towards teamwork contribution
  2. Identify rules before joining of new members
  3. Responses differ from person to person the norms are similar in nature to the same group
  4. The difference of opinion can affect the functionality of the group.
Goals

Defining the team goals is also work like the norms because these goals are focused on work completion that leads to success in the market. Those groups are found more success in the market whose main focus is to continually achieve team goals.

Role Of The Group Members

Roles are not predefined in any group or team but these are used and developed according to the group need. There are three types of roles that are most important in nature.

  1. Task roles that lead to the completion of the project
  2. Maintenance roles that contribute positivity in the group
  3. Organizational roles like leader and supervisor.
Communication Styles

The core step in communicating with the group members is to get the attention of the other group members. This attention may be getting through gestures, verbal words or by using direct eye contact with the team members.

Personality

The personality of team members received much attention from the other team members. It also affects the work behaviour of a group Akmal, K.

Cohesiveness In Team

The main aim of the members of the group is to invest in those things, which matter and linked with the goals of the organization. The characteristic of a team, which leads to high performance in the community, is said as cohesiveness.

Previous Researchers On Teamwork And Their Findings

There are several types of research has been made on teamwork and their findings are related to our topic. Some of the research results are:

P Tarragona, J Luca (2002) states the reasons that why some teams are successful and other remains unsuccessful. The reason is that the successful teams set norms, criteria and attributes that lead them to success. In another research studied by Neuman, Wagner, & Christiansen, (1999) elucidated that the personality component and the effectiveness of the teamwork has a positive relation. There are also two aspects of personality that directly influence the teamwork i. average work is done with the team and ii. The difference of attitude found within a team.

Pynadath & Tambe (2002) describe that despite existing researchers regarding the teamwork the teamwork concept cannot be fully addressed. We cannot determine and examine the teamwork problems and assumptions that are causes due to the implementation of a particular theory. (Akmal, 2015)

You may also study:

What is Teamwork

Why Teamwork is Important in the Workplace

References
  • Akmal, K. (2015). Personality traits influence on team cohesiveness and performance: The moderating effect of leadership. 5 (15), 104-109.
  • D Siassakos, J. C. (2009). The active components of effective training in obstetric emergencies.
  • David V. Pynadath, M. T. (2002). The Communicative Multiagent Team Decision Problem: Analyzing Teamwork Theories and models. 389-423. .
  • Sheehan, D. C. (2010). Learning and Supervision in an internship. 1-285.
  • Terry hall fill, E. s. (2005). Group personality composition and group effectiveness. 83-105.

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