The main information in the report is to highlight the significance and use of the Ubuntu operating system in the wider society. Ubuntu Operating System is cost effective and user-friendly compared to other technologies such as Windows Explorer. It has software that is rare to other systems like the Compiz. The software increases efficiency and functionality of Ubuntu. It is rated as one of the top used technologies on the planet. The importance of Ubuntu technology is improving the overall basic computer grades by assisting them perform new tasks such as shifting to Linux without hardships. Ubuntu also gives one the security and comfort in working and storing information online, since it has a password to unlock the administrative actions of ones documents. The password protects against superfluous persons from interfering with the documents. Ubuntu’s constantly changing versions make it a remarkable technology to use.
Ubuntu Operating System is the newest version of a computer operating system built to cater for the immense role computer plays on man’s daily activities. The system offers new features to its users and improves on their daily know-how in the computer world. Ubuntu is described as a computer structure based on the ‘Debian GNUL/Linux distribution’. This unit analyzes the history of the Ubuntu operating system in depth, covers installation, packages, models, versions and performance.
Ubuntu’s History and Development Process
As a result of the need for an efficient system, Ubuntu was created. The previous systems were not successful in performing the multitasking function, which required a client performing similar tasks simultaneously. The first launch for public use of Ubuntu was on October 20, 2004. After eighteen months, various versions of the Ubuntu program were introduced to advance the structure’s effectiveness. The new versions of the system help in maintaining safety, thus preventing unwanted viruses. The Ubuntu system is being sponsored by Canonical Ltd and a well wisher named Mark Shuttleworth. The sponsor’s donations led to the formation of the Ubuntu foundation whose main function was to support in the development of the latest Ubuntu versions.
Features of Ubuntu Operating System
Ubuntu’s features are this; it consists of various software packages such as free software. Ubuntu’s design allows it to focus on usability, safety and dependability. It can be fixed through the hard disk via the ubiquity installer without necessarily refreshing the computer. Secondly, it put emphasis on user-friendliness and internalization to reach prospective clients and users. It has a feature that allows it to support numerous scripts at once. Its second feature is the sudo tool which aides it in performing office task. Sudo averts inexperienced users and bugs from intruding with the system. Thirdly, Ubuntu has graphical desktop surroundings which offer game application like Soduku and Chess. The applications available in the Ubuntu operating system are cost effective, since they are affordable by most individuals in the society. Lastly, Ubuntu runs programs designed for supplementary applications like the windows application software. Ubuntu brings together and consolidates its software using features like Buffer overflowing protection, which significantly improves the security of the technology (Hiner, 2010).
Installation of Ubuntu Operating System
Ubuntu is set up using a USB drive or a CD. The CD has the Ubiquity installer, which guides the user in enduringly storing the system. The CD has a memory to allow the installation of the system into a computer. CD is offered at no cost to users of the system by its sponsors. Secondly, Ubuntu is also set up into the computer through the USB drive. Lastly, Wubi is a feature within Ubuntu that enables it to be set up and run within a practical window known as a loop device (Narang, 2011).
Ubuntu’s Package Classification and Support
Ubuntu has software subparts shimmering on the dissimilarity in authorization of the available supports. Most of Ubuntu’s application receives support from the Canonical limited, but unsupported application relies on aide rendered the community to perform their activities. Supported software refers to the software that matches up the Debian software guidelines while unsupported software does not match the Debian guidelines. The Ubuntu backports help in the repository for backporting latest software from the later versions. The package reposited is not wide-ranging as it was designed as per user’s request. Backport receive no support from Ubuntu’s sponsors as it is considered to be irrelevant, but it is maintained by the community. The updated packages allow for a quicker update of the Ubuntu working system (Hiner, 2010).
Accessibility of the Third-Party Software
Ubuntu is certified to have third party system software in its application. The third party software that is to be integrated in its application should not edge distribution in the application. The third party software includes packages like Ubuntu-restricted-extras which are lawfully guarded by the government. The packages are illegal and are not prohibited by the law. The benefit of third party application is that DVD software is obtainable for purchase through the Canonical shops.
Ubuntu’s Server Edition
Ubuntu has a server system for its working system. The present version is in use until 2015 and has efficient calculation hardware and safety updates. It runs the VMware ESX Server and uses the version of AppArmor component in protection of its application. Secondly, Ubuntu server version supports the Intel x86 and the AMD64 architectures. The Ubuntu server edition is similar to the Ubuntu desktop version as they both share features like publish services. The version uses a screen style border to set up Ubuntu system in a computer.
Quality in Ubuntu
Quality has played a decisive part in the services rendered by Ubuntu. Ubuntu sponsors have debated in the issue of quality including methods of bringing to use a widespread automated testing infrastructure to assist in the application of the software. New programs are being launched, and functional settings integrated to improve on the eminence of Ubuntu. The sponsors are implementing plans to enable the technology predict when it entrusts to their tip sever test in needy packages (Narang, 2011).
Ubuntu’s Cloud Computing and Critical Reception
Ubuntu offers know-how and resources to its users through cloud calculation. The Ubuntu Enterprise foundation was formed as a result of the need to offer virtualization to its users. It is composed of the Xen equipment, which helps in installing cloud within an institute. Ubuntu system has a critical response in the society. The system was honored with various awards for its fabulous performance like the reader award in 2005. Secondly it has won the info World’s 2007 award for being the best Open Source client. The society has accepted the applications and services bought about by the Ubuntu operating system in the society. Ubuntu’s critiques have compared its services like battery manufacturing to various operating systems like the window explorer and discredited the services. Ubuntu is applauded for its distribution channels and software systems (Llorente, I. M. (2009).
Ubuntu’s Releases and Variants
Ubuntu version has an account number that contains the year and launching month. The releases have a code name that easily distinguishes them from the other versions. The codes names are alphabetically arranged to enable one distinguish newer versions from older versions. Ubuntu releases are upgraded continuously to match with the changing technology.
Ubuntu versions, which are lawfully recognized, are the Ubuntu desktop, server, business desktop remix and the TV. Ubuntu variants are brought about by the differences in the editions. The variants set up post that fluctuates from the bureaucratic Ubuntu allocation. Self governed variants are designed to accomplish the same task as Ubuntu, but they do not correspond to the controlled Variants or the Canonical sponsored Ubuntu’s (Narang, 2011).
Conclusively, Ubuntu was developed to enable the use of an efficient working system,. The Ubuntu versions maintain user’s privacy and control unwanted bugs from the computers. The unique features allow it to perform the task with ease and accuracy making it multitasking. Ubuntu is easily set up into ones computer by using the USB drives and CDs. Ubuntu is majorly sponsored by the Canonical foundation and has done a lot to emphasize on the quality of its technology. It has provided releases to newer versions enabling it to match with the changes in technology. Ubuntu instills computer skills into an individual making one be computer literate. It also relieves its users from the demanding nature of operating systems provided that the chief software is windows.
- Hiner, J. (2010). Ubuntu’s two big advantages over Windows and Mac.ZDNet. Retrieved on March 27, 2012 from <http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/ubuntus-two-big-advantages-over-windows-and-mac/37184>
- Llorente, I. M. (2009). Cloud Computing in Ubuntu.Ulitzer. Retrieved on March 27, 2012 from <http://cisco.ulitzer.com/node/843961>
- \Narang, R. (2011). Things You Wanted To Know ‘The Most’ About Ubuntu 10.10. Wizard Journal. Retrieved on March 27, 2012 from <http://www.wizardjournal.com/operating- systems/ubuntu-10-free-operating-system.html>