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Types and Functions of Computer Mouse

Description of Computer Mouse

The computer mouse was one of the first PC peripherals, and it’s still going strong as a continuous companion of the keyboard. The mouse is a hand-operated hardware input device that controls a cursor in a graphical user interface (GUI). It can change and select the text, icons, files, and folders on our computer. Its name was created by its outline that looks like a mouse because it has an oval design with a mouse tail.

The mouse decreases the usability of a keyboard. An old-style mouse was linked with the computer through a cable, but now these days in the market have too many mice are available such as a wireless mouse, those mice do not need any physical wire to make linking with the computer. In technology time, some mouse has some extra buttons for performing other different task. For desktop computers, the mouse is positioned on a smooth surface such as a mouse pad or a counter and is placed in the opposite of our computer.

Key Functions of Computer Mouse

A computer mouse permits its user to move a cursor quickly and automatically across a smooth plane. It’s therefore, a vital input device for selecting, dragging, and clacking. The mouse allows users to switch among applications, select options and buttons, and move everywhere the screen with a great degree of accuracy and flexibility. It used to change and choose links on a website, controls on the selection screen, entries on a menu, and many more tasks that would be far harder using a keyboard alone.

Additional Functions

Most mice originate with a left button, a right button, and a scroll wheel. Not only does the mouse allow touching and picking with the left mouse button, but it can also be used to carry up other functions and menus by clicking the right button when hovering over a screen section. The mouse lets operators zoom in and out speedily, and scroll up and down using the scroll wheel situated between the two buttons. Advanced mice have additional buttons located around the covering that can be assigned tasks and functions specific to the operating system or a particular program.

The Parts of a Computer Mouse are as following:

  • Left button
  • Mouse scroll wheel
  • Right button
  • Mouse cable

parts of a computer mouse

Left Mouse Button- use to select menus and menu option, select and deselect one or more objects, resize, move, and close windows; scroll the display, draw the geo-filters and create victors. The term “clicks’ means to click with the left mouse button.

Mouse Scroll Wheel- use to re-center the display, zoom in and out, scroll up and down, and move windows, click, push, or pull the scroll to change the display scale setting.

Right Mouse Button– Use context-sensitive pop-up menus and cancel operations initiated by the left mouse button or middle scroll wheel. The term” right click means” to click with the right mouse button.

Types of Computer Mouse

The mouse is a central part of the computer. Presently in the market have different types of computer mouse are available, and every mouse has particular functionality so each user can be used all types of computer mouse according to their requirement.

Basic Types of Mouse
  • Wired Mouse.
  • Wireless Mouse.
  • Ball/Mechanical Mouse.
  • Wheel/Scroll Mouse.
  • Optical Mouse.
  • Laser Mouse.
  • Blue Track Mouse.
Specialty Types
  • Trackball Mouse.
  • Gaming Mouse.
  • Vertical Mouse.
  • Stylus Mouse.
  • Track-point Mouse.
  • Foot Mouse.

No matter what kind of mouse is used, they all connect with the computer either wirelessly or via a physical, wired connection. The most common kind of mouse is an optical mouse that attaches to the USB port and known as a USB mouse.

Types and Functions of Computer Mouse

When we move a mechanical mouse, the ball rolls below it, pushing the two plastic rollers connected to it in the procedure. One of those wheels observes side-to-side movement (x-axis wheel) and the other (y-axis wheel) detects movement in the up-and-down track. An optical mouse uses an LED connected at its bottom to move the cursor around on the screen.

Various connection methods, including wired / wireless have occurred as connecting a mouse to a terminal such as a PC / a tablet.


From the joining system of the mouse, the type and form of the device are roughly explained. Initially, mice seem to have begun to be called this because the shape of this input device to which the cable was connected resembled a mouse. In recent years, wireless-type items have become popular, and all cables are mice without a tail, but in the future, unless they are too big developments, they will continue to be called mice.

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