Students’ Reading Abilities Assessment:
The students reading abilities need to be accessed, as it will demonstrate about the reading skills, because the skills are focused attention in the curriculum, however, there can be assessment of reading test that the students need the instructions in reading or not. The test can also tell about eth student deficiencies, that the reading skills are longer possible to ignore. There can be the reading programs in the curriculum, if the students need that. There could be the programs based on the general proficiency.
Difference Between “Assessment” and “Standardized Tests”:
Assessment is much more than the standardized test, as the assessment covers the placement test that is setup by the language program and programmed to establish the initial student placement. However, the standardize test, have limited utility, it is for the placement of the general students or sometimes less for the particular reading curriculum, for placing the students.
The reading assessment should pervade a well-design reading program, this means that there should be the systematic feedback for the students and the teachers, the assessment need to be done informally, through the teacher observation, attitude questions, interviews etc. There should be the informal assessment of the reading program. Final assessment need to have the established norms, reassessing program goals, instructional assessment, effectiveness etc.
Theory Shapes Assessment:
Theory shapes assessment are the interactive models that suggest the test skills, at many levels, however, it is assumed that skills play important role in the reading process, there is the rapid identification, it include everything from the syntactic structure and vocabulary. Moreover, the strategies construct the specific placement exams. Assessment requires the selection of test so that the reading theory and test constructions can be effectively performed.
Choosing Appropriate Texts for Reading Assessment:
Text should be on topics of wide familiarity or on the topic that few students would likely to have knowledge because the students, in this way will be free to take the topic of their own choice, they can decide the topic they are interested in, or the topic they want to have exposure about.
Types of Assessment Procedures:
Standardized (commercial) Tests:
The major purpose of the standardize test is to give the accurate measure of a pupil’s general level, there are the silent reading abilities, that are compared to the with eth person who take the test. The test is composed of the two parts; the vocabulary and the comprehension, there are the grade levels of the test.
Placement Testing for a Reading Program:
The placement test is the setup of identification of the skills, there is the accurate count of the perceptual identification skills, reading rate skills, general comprehensive skills, syntactic skill etc. This test is combined with the essay, grammar, dictation, oral interview etc. The five parts are the goals of the program, including recognition items, antonymy items etc.
Diagnostic test is the test which asses the students reading abilities globally, there are the activities focuses on the particular component process, it involves the diagnostic testing, diagnostic procedure, diagnostic procedure have the advantages, in which there are learning abilities.
Ongoing Assessment–In-class tests:
It includes the reading quizzes that have the variety of shapes and sizes, the purpose is to focus on the instructions and own objectives, these quizzes can be taken regularly; there are plans on the assessment and feedback.
Ongoing Assessment–Questionnaires :
In the process, there are the questionnaires, which obtain the reading attitudes of the students it is done for the initial diagnostic purpose; the behavioral and attitudinal information is taken through casual questioning.
Ongoing Assessment–Observations/Conferences :
There is the validity of the teacher assessments through the observation, the assessment is done when the student is on the videotape, and the teacher’s observations are valid, as the teachers are with useful information, about the instructions.
The final evaluation reflect about the possible activities that are included in the initial assessment, there are the pre-test/pro-test evaluations, which have the extraneous variables, there are the careful records, includes the students file, with the accurate estimation of the time and practically.