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Money Transaction System

Money Transaction System

CHAPTER#1: INTRODUCTION

 Money Transforming System is the essential goal for business and hence it is important to provide a strong money transaction to everyone who relate to business and for everyone who earning money. Money transforming is basic job for to transfer money from different range of countries, areas and zones. The people now a day it’s common to transfer money to his friends, family members and for business purposes. The people use different methods for money transforming. For example, through bank, easy paisa and by private money transaction system. Transforming money not having rang but it transfers globally. Advance technologies are used to transfer the money and promote the transaction system throughout the world to bring transforming fast and secure.

Money transaction System consist of tasks such as registering name of sender, Amount of money to be sanded, name, address and cast of receiver how receive the money and finally give the written report to sender and receiver for ensuring that the money is transfer.

The Software develops for storing and retrieving record of both sender and receiver. The database stores the records of all Transaction among people which locate in or outside of country through this we ensure the data consistency. These keep the daily record of rates by daily transaction of money exchange and store the record of customer in customer ledger. Through this software we retrieve the record of customer and receiver from year to year. At least all the process include during the transaction of money from person to another where they locate in the country or outside of country also create the printed report for ensuring the transaction to customer, franchise and receiver of money.

CHAPTER#2: EXISTING SYSTEM

EXISTING MANUAL SYSTEM

The existing system of the transferring money on manual basis. All type of information is stored using papers and big size registers which are very difficult to manage. This entire job is time and space consuming. This type of system has no backup facility. It also has some other problems like data redundancy (repetition), difficulty in searching a specific record etc. So after studying all type of difficulties and limitations of existing system, the institute management agreed to replace the current system with modern computerized system.

LIMITATIONS OF EXISTING MANUAL SYSTEM

Following are the limitations of existing manual system.

  • Time wastage
  • Space consuming
  • No data security
  • No backup facility of data
  • Complex processing
  • Difficult searching
  • Extra employ cost
  • Difficult to maintain data
  • Difficult to update record
  • Repetition of data
  • Bad response time
  • Extra work

Time Wastage

The manual system wastes time in storing and retrieving a record e.g. if transaction record of customer is required then the focal person will search all the customer one by one to find a definite record in bundles of papers and registers. This type of searching is very difficult and time consuming. On the other hand, computerized systems provide easy searching facility.

Space Consuming

As in manual system all the records are maintain through files and registers which requires a lot of space to be placed. Also after two or three years it will be difficult to save data at one place.

Also the data maintenance in such a wide space is difficult and staff faces difficulty to maintain data for many years. The business men also faces problems

No Data Security

As records are save in form of files and registers. It is difficult to guarantee data security, also there is chance of misuse or misplace of any file or register.

The data security is a serious problem of manual system, it is almost impossible to secure files and registers, On the other hand computerized systems provides strong data security.

No Backup Facility of Data

In manual systems it is impossible to maintain data at more than one place, so backup facility is not available in manual system which decreases the chance of data recovery in case of misplacing.

If organization wants to make data backup manually then the financial expenditure becomes double also data accuracy disturbed while making backup.

So such a system is needed where backup can be made without disturbing data accuracy. So computerized system provides facilities of making backup with strong data security and accuracy.

Complex Processing

In manual processing all the record is scattered and finding a specific record is time consuming. E.g. to find a specific record a focal person will check all the cupboard and files to find a particular record.

Difficult Searching

In manual system data of a specific customer or receiver is not easy to search. If data is stored in files and papers then to search specific record after gap of time becomes impossible for staff.

Extra Employee Cost

More employ and extra cost to maintain and organize the institute data manually, if an office has got more employees its expenses becomes high and create an economical problem, On the other hand reducing the number of employ can affect the official work, so more manpower is needed to operate a system manually.

Difficult to Maintain Data

In manual system data maintenance is much difficult for staffs; information may loss and can be misused by someone that’s why we proposed the newly developed computerized system to avoid such problems where data maintenance is maximum and secure.

Bad Response Time

We know that information retrieval from manual system is a time consuming task so it is Obvious that response time of manual systems is not satisfactory

Extra Work

Manual systems need extra paper work to organize record. There are different kinds of registers in organization where the information is store one by one. Therefore, extra work has to be performing by the staff.

Data Redundancy

One of the many problems of manual system is data redundancy where same data is repeated in multiple locations. And it is very difficult to maintain that information in all places at a time.

CHAPTER#3: PROPOSED SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION

The present manual system of the franchise is lengthy and time consuming. To get information about a specific customer or receiver requires a lot of time. Also it is less responsive. There are hundreds of customer and dozens of teachers in school, so the record keeping and retrieving becomes a tedious and laborious job. Also it is more space consuming, so in order to eliminate these and other problems, the current manual system was suggested to be computerized.

Computerization of the system means to change it from manual to fully computer based system to automate the data and provide efficiency, accuracy and timeless security and economy. Computer based system is a tool, which can help the managements to exercise an effective and timely decision making. The new system is designed after analyzing the existing system. It is more efficient, fast and accurate.

PROPOSED SYSTEM ADVANTAGES 

The new system is developed to remove the drawbacks of the present system. The computerized system not only provides quick access but also provides valid and accurate information about students.

It is necessary to describe the expected benefits of the proposed system i-e why we prefer the computerized school information system to existing manual school information system. Propose system can eliminate most crucial problems.

The advantages of the proposed system are given below:

  • Accuracy 

The accurate results are produced by the computerized system. There is only one source for input, thus the results are more reliable and accurate as compared to present system.

  • User Friendly Interface

For better user information, interactive input screen is well designed, they would made the data entry simple and easy for the user and the data will be accepted in the same manner as it is done manually, but in a much attractive way. The program requires no special training for its operation. Because it is user friendly and communicates with user in simple English language. Thus any person who has some knowledge of computer and English language can use it can operate it, giving a user guide to read.

  • Minimum Storage Requirements

All the records in the previous system were kept in bulky registers. Therefore a lot paper work was required for it. But now due to this new system all the records will take minimum area. The information can be accessed and retrieved very quickly as compared to manual system.

  • Records of Customer

The program provides the facility to keep complete record of the customer i-e credit, debit, name, address, phone number and the transaction.

  • Updating of Records

The proposed system provides the updating facility. The user can update any of the record related the customer or receiver information at any time very easily as compared to the old system.

  • Backup Facilities

The proposed system provides the facility to back up the data for safety purposes in case of data corruption.

  • Data Consistency

Different ledger and daily account book are used in money transaction system and all problem of updating records in these registers occurs, so for this purpose powerful software was needed to update all records consistently. Since the same data is stored at one place, therefore any change made to it doesn’t require changing it at other location. So the chances of inconsistency are minimized.

  • Security

The purposed system will provide enough security against data loss and illegal access to the data, so that no unauthorized user will be able to get access to data. No changes can be made by unauthorized user because there will be proper password for only authorized users to enter to the database.

  • Response Time

In the new system, information can be obtained without any delay whenever needed. The desired information be available by clicking the buttons or menu items in no time contrast to the manual system.

  • Reduction of Workload

In the proposed system no work is involved. It helps in reducing of making entry of data of candidates, the entry of data, printing results of customer transaction. The computers will do the rest of the work.

  • Flexibility

The proposed system is flexible enough i-e addition of new records, updating of records and handling of new applications are possible.

  • Processing Improvements

As the new system uses computer technology, the processing is much faster as compared to the manual system.

  • Reduces Redundancy

In the new system data is stored centrally. The storage of the same data is done at a single location. So the redundancy of the data has been reduced up to a great extant as compared to the present system, where the same data has to be stored in different registers and files.

  • Input Improvements

In the proposed system, all the input data is stored in the appropriate database files. Moreover, the user can store the same data only at a single location thus reducing consumption and redundancy and hence the chances of errors are minimized.

  • Output Improvements

The output generally includes reports that are frequently required and generated. The proposed system generates well documented, comprehensive, accurate and informative reports both on screen and printer.

  • Report Generation

The major purpose of establishing a database is to retrieve information quickly and efficiently. The organization is mainly concerned with output produce by the system irrespective of its internal working. The proposed system will produce different reports, which will be helpful to the management of the college.

Scope of Work

The scope of any new technology is to make people life easier. This project is database used to manage the money transaction system and allows the focal person to register the daily required information of customer, receiver and money franchise center.

Universal Money Transaction System will organize work inside money transaction Franchise and proposed system will do the following tasks:

  • Insert Customer’s information such as customer name, customer father name, customer credit, customer debit, customer contact number, address etc.
  • Insert receiver’s information such as Receiver name, receiver father name, receiver cast, receiver amount, receiver contact number, receiver address etc.
  • Insert franchise’s information such as franchise name, district name, council name etc.
  • Insert transaction information for each date for each he/she done.
  • View ledger about each customer and can edit it like adding or removing a record.
  • View data about each franchise and can edit it like adding or removing an record. 

CHAPTER#4: DATABASE DESIGN

DESIGN PHASE 

Design phase is conducted after system analysis and this is first step that moves from conceptual model to developmental model. In this phase we have documented the information requirements of the organization into conceptual model. E.R.D.(s) were constructed using relationships between entities and flow of information in the organization.

Coding is the main part of the system developmental life cycle, through coding we make instructions to computers how to fulfill the requirements of end users and controls its flow of information. For this purpose, we use Oracle 10g. The database was tested for different inputs to ensure the restriction of data as well as its support for the users.

The stages that are involved in system design are:

Database Design:

The database is designed according to the rules of Relational Database Management System using SQL Plus. A database is an organized collection of information. The data is stored in computer in tables so far an accurate and free of anomalies, system table designing is of key importance.

Our database consists of following tables.

  1. COUNTRY TABLE
Field NameData typeDescription
Country_idNumberStores country id.
Country_nameVachar2(50)Stores country name 


DESCRIPTION:
This table saves information about country. This is the main table.

PRIMARY KEY:-  country_id        

  1. DISTRICTS TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
district_idNumberStores district id
district_nameVarchar2(100)Stores name of district
country_idNumberStores Id of Country table

DESCRIPTION:- This table contains the Districts information of the District i-e Peshawar, D I Khan, Swat etc.

PRIMARY KEY:- district_id

FOREIGN KEY:- Country_id

  1. UNION_COUNCILS TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
Uc_idNumberStores Union council id
Uc_nameVarchar2(50)Stores the union council name
District_idnumberStore id of country

DESCRIPTION:- This table contains the information about the Union councils of the Districts.

PRIMARY KEY:- Uc_Id    

FOREIGN KEY:- District_if                                  

  1. TRANSACTIONS TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
transaction_idNumberStores the transaction id
transaction_dateDate timeStores transaction date
customer_idNumberStores customer id
receiver_idNumberStores receiver id
amountNumberStore amount of money per transaction
chargesNumberStore charges per transaction an amount of money
rate_idNumberStore Rate ID
franchise_idNumberStore Franchise ID

DESCRIPTION: – This table contains the information about the Transaction of the Money in the Money Exchange System. This table contains the date and status of the Money Transaction.

PRIMARY KEY:- Transaction ID

FOREIGN KEY:- Customer_ID, Receiver_ID, Rate_ID, Franchise_ID.

  1. FRANCHISES TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
Franchise_idnumberStore Franchise_ d
Franchise_nameVarchar2(100)Store Franchise name
Phone_noVarchar2(50)Store Phone number of Franchise
Cell_noVarchar2(50)Store Cell number of Franchise
Focal_personVarchar2(50)Store Name of Focalperson
UC_IDnumberStore Union Council ID
AddressVarchar2(200)Store Address of Franchise

DESCRIPTION:- This table stores total information about the franchise where we want to send money …

PRIMARY KEY:-Franchise_id

FOREIGN KEY:-UC_ID

  1. RECEIVER TABLE:
Field NameData TypeDescription
Receiver_idNumberStores Receiver id
Receiver_nameVarchar2(50)Stores Receiver name
Fatther_nameVarchar2(50)Stores Father name
NICVarchar2(20)Stores CNIC number
Contact_noNumberStores Receiver contact number
Receiver_castVarchar2(100)Stores Receiver casrt
AddressVarchar2(200)Stores Address of Receiver

DESCRIPTION:- This table stores record of receiver, their name, father name contact number etc.receiver is the person who receive the money from any franchise.

PRIMARY KEY: –Receiver _ID

FOREIGN KEY: -No foreign key 

  1. CUSTOMERS TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
Customer_IdNumberStores customer id
Customer_nameVarchar2(100)Stores name of customer
Father_nameVarchar2(100)Stores father name of customer
Contact_noNumberStores contact number of customer
EmailVarchar2(30)Stores email address of customer
AddressVarchar2(100)Stores address of customer

DESCRIPTION:- This table stores information about the customer who want send money to receiver or store money with in a money transaction shop.

PRIMARY KEY: –Customer_id                  

FOREIGN KEY: –No foreign key

  1. CUSTOMER_LEDGER TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
Customer_idNumberStores customer id
Transaction_dateDateStores the date of transaction
NarrationVarchar2(200)Purpose of storing or transaction
DebitNumberThe amount which are subtracted
CreditNumberThe amount which are added

DESCRIPTION:- This table store all record of customer for long time like in ledger. And then it can search easily

PRIMARY KEY: –No Primary key

FOREIGN KEY: –Customer_id.

  1. FRANCHISE_LEDGER TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
Franchise_idNumberStores franchise id
Transaction_dateDateStores date of transaction
NarrationVarchar2(200)Purpose of transaction
DebitNumberMoney which debited
CreditNumberMoney which are credited

 DESCRIPTION:- This table store all record of franchises which are link with main franchise and store for long time like in ledger. And then it can search easily

PRIMARY KEY: –No Primary Key

FOREIGN KEY: –Franchise_id

  1. RATES TABLE
Field NameData TypeDescription
Rate_idNumberStores id of pay payment
Rate_dateDateStore fee id as FK
Purchase_rateNumberStore std_id as FK
Sale_rateNumber

DESCRIPTION:- This table contains all the information about the different rates of currency at different date which we get and give to the customer.

PRIMARY KEY: –Rate_id              

FOREIGN KEY: –    No Foreign Key          

ENTITY RELATIONSHIP DIAGRAM (ERD)

The entity relationship diagram is a way of showing the relationships between the fields of a table with in the same table or with in other tables. Graphical relationships between the objects are represented by entity relationship diagram. This diagrammatic representation makes it easy for us to arrange the tables. There are some fields in a table which are set to be unique for purpose that we can make search on the basis of them. Those unique fields are called Primary key. While in other table those fields are known as foreign keys.

ERD shows the relationship between data objects, Attributes, Relationship and various type indicators are primary component of entity relationship diagram.

Entity

An entity is a person, place, object or concepts in the user environment about which the organization wishes to maintain data.

Entities are represented by labeled rectangle.

 Money Transaction System

Fig 4.1 Entity

Attributes

An attribute is a property or characteristics of an entity or relationship that is of interest to the organization.

Attributes are represented by ellipse symbol.

 Money Transaction System

Fig 4.2 Attribute

The major entities and their attributes involved in our database are as follows:

  • Rates
  • Country
  • Districts
  • Union Council
  • Customer
  • Receiver
  • Franchise
  • Transaction
  • Franchise Ledger
  • Receiver Ledger
  • Customer Ledger
Relationship

A meaningful association between or among entity types is called relationship. The degree of a relationship is the number of entity types that participate in the relationship. The most common relationship types are unary (degree one), binary (degree two) and ternary (degree three).

Relationships are indicated with a diamond symbol and the line connecting two or more entities.

 Money Transaction System

Fig 4.3 ERD of Universal Money Transaction      

DATA FLOW DIAGRAM (DFD)

            The data flow diagram is a systematic way of showing the flow of data in an organization or company. The data flow diagram is very helpful to understand the whole procedure in an organization. It is the graphical representation which tells us the flow of information or data within the system.

DFD explains the flow of information by specific symbols. DFD has four symbols for showing dataflow. These are process Data store, Data flow and Entities.

 Money Transaction System

DATA FLOW DIAGRAM (LEVEL 0)

 Money Transaction System

 

CHAPTER#5: FORMS

1: MAIN FORM

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.2 Rates Form Fig 5.1 Main Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.3 Setting Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.4 Customer Ledger Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.5 Customer Information Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.6 Franchises Ledger Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.7 Transaction of Money Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.8 Transaction History Form

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.9 Fax Report

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.10 Profit and Loss Report

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.11 Customer Balance Report

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.12 Customer Ledger Report

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.13 Franchise Balance Report

 Money Transaction System

Fig 5.14 Franchise Ledger Report

CHAPTER #6: TESTING

In every system development testing is the very crucial one. It has the very critical importance with regard to system development. Is it conformed to the requirement? Has all the facilities have been provided that were pledged? Every newly system development certainly have some errors and bugs. The only way to overcome is that of proper testing in this we can overcome our deficiencies and can achieve the quality target though in appropriate testing further to the drastic flaws but also proper testing does not ensure the development of flawless system.

The product could not be delivered to the end user without being tested. System testing of the developed system was performed these techniques.

DIFFERENT TEST TECHNIQUES

  • Unit Testing

In the unit testing the different units of software are tested independently to locate error this help in locating error in loading and logic that were contained in particular page.

  • Integrated Testing

After unit-testing combine testing of all the system is carried out the purpose was to determine that all the forms are correctly interfacing with each other.

  • Black box testing

In this technique only the input and output of the system are checked. This technique is better for checking domain and range of the system data.

  • White box testing

In this technique the whole module is tested at each point for its behavior to different factors.

  • System Testing

Final testing was done on the entire system to checks that the desired requirement is meet or not the main aim to determine the consistency in the developed system.

  • Implementation

Operational system and allowing to user to take over the operation for the user and evaluation is called implementation. Implementation of system is important as its development.

  • Software

Organization must have windows XP or any windows from NT family in their system to install the Valuation and Pledge Management System.

  • Hardware

Organization must have at least Pentium III computer with 128 MB of primary Memory and must have at least 1.5 GB for free hard drive space. Printer is optional.

  • Maintenance

If there are some problems notices in the post implementation review, these problems will be removed; also if the user want enhancement in the system, then these will be addressed according to the future need of the organization.

  • User Training

The staff of the Department of Computer Science is familiar and trained to use the computer the user training will not be difficult.

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