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Impact of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) on Ecotourism in Northern Areas of Pakistan

Contents

Chapter One. 1

Chapter Two. 7

Chapter Three. 14

Chapter Four. 16

Chapter Five. 40

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

With the name of ALLAH the most beneficent and merciful, I would like to thank ALLAH ALLMIGHTY WHO gave me enough courage and strength to complete my thesis on time.

On completion of this thesis, there are many people I would like to acknowledge for their Support and assistance in regards to my project.

First of all, I would like to thank my respected teacher Professor for his motivation. Secondly I would acknowledge my supervisor. There are no words to express how much your support, guidance, and understanding have meant to me. Thank you so much for all the effort you put in to my research. Without your help I can’t make it possible to complete my thesis.

I would also like to thank to the Ministry of Planning, Development & Reforms, China authorities and the local community who helped me to complete the survey for this thesis.

Last but not the least; I would like to thank a lot to my parents who supported me in throughout my life.

ABSTRACT

Mutual projects and agreements between two countries always bring many positive changes and major reforms in the benefit of both countries. China Pakistan economic project is one of those projects which will bring closes these two countries and benefits them a lot. As China has become a very developed country. China is economically a very strong and technically skilled country which is interested in starting many mega projects in and with Pakistan. China is a friend country of Pakistan and in the past it has already been completed many successful mega projects in Pakistan. And hopefully these projects would be greater than all previous one.

China Pakistan economic project (CPEC) will influence many areas of Pakistan. If we talk about the northern areas of Pakistan, then those areas would be in great influence of CPEC projects. Especially the ecotourism of these areas will be highly affected. The purpose of this thesis is to help to promote the inbound ecotourism in northern areas of Pakistan and to spread awareness about it. This thesis includes topics about impacts of China Pakistan Economic Corridor on ecotourism in northern areas of Pakistan.

China Pakistan economic corridor is a series of many mega and small projects with the collaboration of china and Pakistan governments. CPEC has great impacts on the economy of both countries as well as other industries. As far as the tourism industry is concerned CPEC would also impact greatly on that industry. There are some hidden remote worth watching areas which would be accessible after the completion on these projects. However, there are some landscapes which are going to demolish in the result of these developments. It would also have some socio cultural, economic, infrastructural and other impacts in northern areas of Pakistan.

The research results show that CPEC projects do have some positives and negatives impacts of ecotourism of northern areas of Pakistan. However overall it would be very beneficial for the inbound tourism of these areas.

In this research, we describe how china Pakistan economic corridor is impacting the ecotourism of northern areas of Pakistan, its pros and corns. Apart from that we would describe how it is going to change the whole story. In the end we would know how to make to the northern areas of Pakistan an ecotourism hub for the local and international tourists.

Chapter One

Introduction

The CPEC is an ongoing development mega project which aims to connect Gwadar Port of Pakistan to China’s northwestern region of Xinjiang, via a network of highways, railways and pipelines. The economic corridor is considered central to China–Pakistan relations and will run about 2700 km from Gwadar to Kashghar.

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and its connectivity with Central Asia, Middle East and Africa will help to shape entire region. Overall construction costs are estimated around $46 billion, with the entire project expected to be completed in several years.

The Corridor is an extension of China’s proposed 21st century Silk Road initiative. This is the biggest overseas investment by China announced so far and the corridor is expected to be operational within three years. The corridor will be a strategic game changer in the region and would go a long way in making Pakistan a richer and stronger entity.

The investment on the corridor will transform Pakistan into a regional economic hub. The corridor will be a confidence booster for investors and attract investment not only from China but other parts of the world as well. Other than transportation infrastructure, the economic corridor will provide Pakistan with telecommunications and energy infrastructure.

China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

Plans for a corridor stretching from the Chinese border to Pakistan’s deep water ports on the Arabian Sea date back to the 1950s, and motivated construction of the Karakoram Highway beginning in 1959.Chinese interest in Pakistan’s deep-water harbor at Gwadar had been rekindled by 2000, and in 2002 China began construction at Gwadar port which was completed in 2006. Expansion of Gwadar Port then ceased thereafter owing to political instability in Pakistan following the fall of General Pervez Musharraf and subsequent conflict between the Pakistani state and Islamist militants.

The current form of the project was first proposed by Chinese Premier Li Keying and Nawaz Sharif on 22 May 2013 in Islamabad, resulting in the establishment of the Pak-China Economic Corridor Secretariat on 27 August 2013.

In February 2014, Pakistani President MammonHusain visited China to discuss the plans for an economic corridor in Pakistan. Two months later, Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif met with Premier Li Kequiang in China to discuss further plans, resulting in the full scope of the project to be devised under Sharif’s tenure. In November 2014, Chinese government announced its intention to finance Chinese companies as part of its $45.6 billion energy and infrastructure projects in Pakistan as part of CPEC.

During the state visit of Xi Jinping to Pakistan in April 2015, he wrote in an open editorial stating: “This will be my first trip to Pakistan, but I feel as if I am going to visit the home of my own brother.” On 20 April 2015, Pakistan and China signed an agreement to commence work on the $46 billion agreement, which is roughly 20% of Pakistan’s annual GDP, with approximately $28 billion worth of fast-tracked “Early Harvest” projects to be developed by the end of 2018. As a gesture of friendship, the Pakistani capital at that time was dotted with slogans and signboards such as “Pakistan-China friendship is higher than the mountains, deeper than the oceans, sweeter than honey, and stronger than steel” – an oft repeated phrase coined by the Chinese to describe their deep ties to Pakistan.

On August 12, 2015 in the city of Karamay, China and Pakistan signed 20 more agreements worth $1.6 billion to further augment the scale and scope of CPEC. Details of the plan are opaque, but are said to mainly focus on increasing energy generation capacity. as part of the agreement, Pakistan and China have agreed to cooperate in the field of space research.

In September and October 2015, the government of the United Kingdom announced two separate grants to the Government of Pakistan for construction of roadways that are complementary to CPEC. In November 2015, China included the CPEC into its 13th five-year development plan, while in December 2015, China and Pakistan agreed on a further $1.5 billion investment to set up an information and technology park as part of the CPEC project.

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