Public Health: “Gloria Childhood Obesity”
Table of Contents
- Obesity in Children
- Causes of Childhood Obesity
- Family practice
- Social practice
- Socioeconomic status
- Physical activity
- Status of Children for 2011-14
- Role for Public Health Nurses
- Parental knowledge
- Dietary habits
- Environmental influences
- Prevention strategies
Gloria Childhood Obesity – Introduction
Gloria childhood obesity is affecting the children because children are having negative effects and many fats are there in children bodies. The children in Gloria are overweight or obese because their lifestyle and life patterns are not good or healthy. In Gloria, the childhood obesity has reached the epidemic levels because there are issues related to the physical and psychological health issues, the obese children are more likely to stay obese also in the adulthood because they cannot lose the weight and there could be development of the non-communicable diseases example, there could be issues of diabetes as well as other risks to health like cardiovascular diseases.
Children face obesity because they lack or interested in some physical activities; they may have the unhealthy eating patterns or there could be issues related to the family health problem. The children may face the issues if they follow the cultural environment which faces them to eat much and there could be health issues of the caloric and fat. The health risks factors are increasing in the children because they are consuming fats in the greater amount; children in the schools and at the home are consuming soft drink which is resulting in their weight gain there are also issues related to the physical health of the children because of the increasing risks in the health status.
Most of them are facing health or medical problems because their weights are not controlled. There could be the variety of reasons that some of the children are facing issues related to the obesity, there could be some genetic factors due to which children face the issues related to the obesity. Consequently, these children are more prone to the increased risk of health issues. Children are facing problem in their self-esteem because they are fat or obese. Children face the issue related to the obesity development due to the multiple causes which may be relevant to the environmental factors and there could be causes that relate to the lifestyle preferences (Karnik & Kanekar, 2012).
Obesity in Children
Gloria childhood obesity could be explained as the body fat that could negatively affect the child’s health, on could face the issues of well-being and it is difficult to determine body fat or directly to determine that how much fats are there in one body. About one-third of children in Gloria is facing the issues related to the term overweight or obese. The obesity is continuing to rise with the weight-related health because children have to face many issues and problem related to the also medical problems.
Children may face many adverse or negative health effects that could be there in the children, there could be issues related to the serious public health concerns because term overweight is affecting many students or children and then there is less stigmatizing that children have to face. For the diagnosis of obesity, there is the need to focus on the BMI so that there could be the focus on the rising prevalence and the obesity issues that are there in children.
The overweight children are high at risks because they can be fat or obese adolescents and adults in the future and it is difficult for them to reduce the weight and then they may face the health problem related to the chronic diseases or the heart disease. However, these children can also face the issues related to diabetes later in life. There could be a development of the issues related to the stress as children can suffer stress in schools and in friends that they are fat, they can be closer towards sadness. However, these children may have issues related to the low self-esteem (Johnson, Allen, & Johnson, 2015).
There could be the variety of reasons of children overweight and obese; there can also be some genetic factors due to which children face the issues, children can also face the issues related to the lack of physical activity as they could have tensions. Moreover, children who face tensions of obesity may have the issues related to the unhealthy eating patterns and the eating patterns of their family is not good, There could be other various causes that could result in the fats bodies, there could be issue related to on medical condition as students may have to face the issues related to the hormonal problem or there can be issues related to the family health problem.
Such children need to take care; as there is the need to have their physical exam through some blood tests so that their medical condition could be known and there could be the focus on the reasons or cause for obesity so that there could be immediate solutions before the situation go worst for them. There could be an inspection on the children that if the obesity is running in their families or if there could be family history which leads the children to suffer the increased risk of health issues (Franks, Hanson, Knowler, Sievers, Bennett, & Looker, 2010).
Causes of Childhood Obesity
Children now days are moving to be getting fat with a very high speed. This is a very alarming situation for the health and good growth of children and for the new coming born. This problem has too many causes few are mentioned below.
Now a day’s families having child mostly do not take care of their children diet. Now a day’s ready-made and frozen foods are introduced in the market, which is unhealthy for the health. Now parents remain in a rush so they do not give time to their children health and mental fitness. Children remain in homes playing video games on PSP or pc / laptops, which make them, idle and slow by keeping sitting all the day. Eating a lot of junk food or food made with white floor causes obesity in children but also to young ones as well.
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Children now days walk less but ride more on bike or car to travel to their school even which is nearby to their home. Now family size is decreased so the single child pressurized his parents for something, which parents have to agree. Most of the times that product which he/she asking was not good for him/her but they provide them. The other most important factor is that mother now days do not feed their children by their milk. Kids having growth on powder milk makes them fat and unhealthy (Franks, Hanson, Knowler, Sievers, Bennett, & Looker, 2010).
Different communities have their different opinions about stopping or preventing obesity by their own will. Parents especially mother do not take out some time for making a healthy lunch for them. Mothers give fried items made with the white meat in lunch and most children go to school without breakfast. Having empty stomach at the start of the day and after two to three hours having cold drinks or fried item causes many health problems for a person. Especially obesity causes fast due to this.
Families should force schools and such other institutes for healthy sports activities to keep children fit and active. Gloria children only emphasis on school sports whereas parents should arrange sports activities in homes with their children. This practice makes sports activities interesting for them. Parents should teach their children the importance of visiting the parks and take them with you to the parks as well.
The government should look at the advertisement and on the food of having too many fats and sugar in them. That kind of food advertisements attracts children very much. A government should control these types of advertisements and food items so that this problem can be controlled (Latzer & Stein, 2013).
This state is based on the combination of economic and social measures of a person related to income, education, poverty, and relationship with other related to this factor. Gloria childhood obesity relates also to such person who became newly rich. They think having fast food, a lot having ready-made food all the day is a social status for the rich persons. So they most of the time especially females do not make food items at home and keep their children feeding on junk and unhealthy food.
This makes them unhealthy and sick so their school routine and other activities suffer. This point should parents keep in mind that health is everything. If a person is healthy and active he/she can survive in any situation. Even obesity attacks to such person who remain unhealthy and stressed all the time due to any reason or due to remain sick and dull.
Obesity Prevention Strategies
Schools and parents combine can prevent their child form obesity by following the following points;
Parent’s especially mothers should get up early in the morning before their child got up. They should make a light but full of required caloric breakfast for their child. Make the child do the healthy breakfast must. A mother should make a healthy lunch box as well so that in break time they can also enjoy health and fitness.
Make caloric rich drinks and shakes for the children can make them healthy and fit so they can tackle any situation. Schools should restrict parents to send a healthy lunch box with their child must if someone does not follow that rule warn them that their child name will be elected from the school list. This warning makes them strut to follow the school instructions. This ultimately makes their child healthy and active (Sanders, Han, Baker, & Cobley., 2015).
Physical activities are the key to health in daily routine among children as well as to young person’s as well. Physical activities include sports and fitness activities like playing outside cricket, tennis, racing with friends and of course on top are cycling. These type of physical activities makes a child not only physically strong but also mentally strong very much so that they can achieve success. This makes them winners of a knife in every difficulty in a race of life also.
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Consequences of Obesity
Obese children face the issues as they can face emotional or psychological issues in the society by the other children. Obese children may experience bullying especially with their peers because they can be harassed or discriminated by some of the family members or other adults around them. The stereotypes abound in the society lead the people or children to face the issues related to the low self-esteem and depression (Pulgarón, 2013).
Obese children are more psychologically upset because they suffer pains in the society as their friends can taunt them of having fatness on their bodies. They may not able to participate in ant school activity because of their excess weight; however, they can be discriminated in the group. They can face stress in front of other people who are in the school and at the home.
Children facing the issues related to the obesity; they have to suffer the issues related to the life-threatening conditions because they are more vulnerable to the health-related issues as they can face tensions of health in early age. Children could face tensions of diabetes and their blood pressure could also high. Fat or obese children can also face issues related to the sleep problems and they could face cancer as well as disorders of the heart disease. Moreover, these children can also face issues related to the liver disease and there are chances of the early puberty because they have the eating disorders.
There could be another problem example on could have the issues related to the skin infections and there are chances of asthma because of overweight, thus, children can also face the issues related to the respiratory problems because they could face problems related to the sleep deprivation and gallstones. Children may have the problem of the increased intracranial pressure as well as there are chances of the increasing risks of the mortality rates in the adulthood.
Status of Children for 2011-14
Role for Public Health Nurses
Childhood obesity rate is much influenced by the measures of weight control with the involvement of parents. Children are pressured by parents to eat and children are annoyed due to this pressure. It is important for the parents to learn to tackle children with love and care, analyze their mood and tackle them according to their mood swings. Parents can play good cop bad co to tackle annoyed kids. One parent can scold at a time and another parent should tell her/his partner not to scold kid at the same time, it could be affected to make children happy and invulnerable.
Parents should read different books and articles related to their child’s behavior to treat children properly. Parents should create the healthy environment at home to raise children gracefully. Parents should socialize with children to show them norms and values of the society and make them cultured adults. Parents need awareness about these things and health nurses can do this job better than anyone else as parents listen to nurses carefully (Haemer, et al., 2014).
Children need to adopt healthy dietary habits and parents involvement is the key factor in developing dietary habits of children. Routinely food shapes the preferences of children. Children do not make efforts food, they just eat what is available in their access. Children eat food in great quantity when food is provided in larger quantity. Overweight children should avoid low fat and calories food but intake more healthy food like fresh vegetables and fruits. Mother’s involvement in planning a dietary chart of children is more than fathers.
It is necessary to develop children’s food attitude and preferences before going to kindergarten so that they could avoid unhealthy food items. Parents need to educate themselves on their child’s diet provision to avoid pediatric overweight. Children normally do not like the vegetable so parents should cook vegetables in different unique ways to attract children. For example, parents can add chopped seasonal vegetables in pasta as children usually love pasta and they will happily eat it. A dietary chart should be provided to parents by health nurses and nurses can also guide parents verbally.
Overweight prevalence among children has widespread increased among children of every age and ethnic groups regardless of gender. It indicates that racial and ethnic subgroups are not major obesity’s contributing factors. Children are being influenced by promoted energy increased intake as well as energy output decreased due to environmental changes. These children belong to various backgrounds. Sustained health habits of individual kid are influenced by environmental factors numerously.
Healthy dietary behavior can be maintained by distancing kids from an unhealthy environment and keep them in the healthy environment. Socio-economic status effects body mass index negatively for some population and obesity of children is also associated with it. Food security lens can be used to analyze the obesity influenced by environment. Food supply inadequacy, bad food quality, and actual hunger potential are three dimensions of “food insecurity” definition. Women are more likely to influence by food insecurity than men because women take more unhealthy food in stress. Nurses should tell the importance of environmental effects to parents (Sanders, Han, Baker, & Cobley., 2015).
There are many recommendations that can be used as prevention strategies for childhood obesity. Children should be encouraged to develop healthy eating behaviors. Parents should try to make children’s favorite dishes healthier by using healthy ingredients. Parents should keep the children active by helping them participate in different activities. Sedentary time of children should be as minimum as possible. Nurses can make the chart of all the prevention strategies and provide it to parents (Haemer, et al., 2014).
Gloria childhood obesity is increasing and children are facing the issues related to the physical and psychological health issues. However, there are the increasing risks in the health status because obesity development is there due to the multiple causes. Obesity is relevant to the environmental factors and there could be other issues related to the lifestyle preferences. Consequently, obese children face the issues related to the emotional or psychological issues, thus they have to face the life-threatening conditions and disorders of the heart disease.
Children may face issues related to the liver disease and there could be increased risks of the mortality rates in the adulthood. Childhood obesity rate needs to be controlled, as there is the need to focus on the weight control with the help and with the involvement of parents and parents need to understand that they should not pressure their children to eat. Parents need to tackle obese children with love and care because they may have mood swings. Moreover, public health nurses need to increase the awareness among parents so that parents could adopt healthy dietary habits for their children.
- Franks, P. W., Hanson, R. L., Knowler, W. C., Sievers, M. L., Bennett, P. H., & Looker, H. C. (2010). Childhood obesity, other cardiovascular risk factors, and premature death. New England Journal of Medicine, 362 (6), 485-493.
- Haemer, M. A., Grow, H. M., Fernandez, C., Lukasiewicz, G. J., Rhodes, E. T., Shaffer, L. A., et al. (2014). Addressing prediabetes in childhood obesity treatment programs: support from research and current practice. Childhood obesity, 1 (4), 292-303.
- Johnson, I., Allen, J., & Johnson, A. M. (2015). Urban-rural differences in childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Childhood Obesity, 11 (3), 233-241.
- Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2012). Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. International journal of preventive medicine, 3 (1), 1.
- Latzer, Y., & Stein, D. (2013). A review of the psychological and familial perspectives of childhood obesity. Journal of eating disorders, 1 (1), 1-7.
- Pulgarón, E. R. (2013). childhood obesity: a review of increased risk for physical and psychological comorbidities. Clinical Therapeutics , 35 (1), A18-A32.
- Sanders, R. H., Han, A., Baker, J. S., & Cobley., S. (2015). Childhood obesity and its physical and psychological co-morbidities: a systematic review of Australian children and adolescents. European journal of Pediatrics, 174 (6), 715-746.