Sub Saharan African Food Security and Grain Import Dependency
Globalization and Trade
Food security in the globalization could be explained as the consistent access of the food that is required for the healthy life, as there could be the cultural and other aspects for the individuals based on what the food issues and food security can be discussed. However, regarding food security in the country, there can be aspects example, household political, geographical and the other economic factors. The food security are focused across the world so that the food quality or the food could be given in the affordable prices, mostly, the food security is focused by the agricultural and other departments in order to get the healthy food. Moreover, there can be the agricultural crisis as; based on that food can be expensive and non-healthy in the country, the rapid urbanization is the other reason because people are not getting the healthy and pure food, and people do not have adequate food resources. There is the widespread poverty in the countries, especially the developing worlds. The food security is also the problem of the socio-economic structures of the countries, as in the developing countries there is no or little quality of life because the agriculture department of the countries are busy in making the grains for the other countries. Thus, for the protection of the human rights, the developing countries are aware if the rural problem so that there could be food security and the appropriate level of the healthy food. The developed and developing countries are taking the steps for the sustain activity, so that there can be socially acceptable fashion in the various or different modern capitalist economies. Moreover, for the healthy foods and the awareness regarding the food security, the countries and the agricultural departments need to do efforts in, order to provide the individual knowledge and the aspects of the healthy eating.
Economic problems regarding the food security and grain imports are there in the countries, as the household budgets is the greatest issue of getting the healthy food in the country. Food security is the urban problem because the healthy and fresh food is expensive and people do not have this much income, in order to get the quality food. It is the urban issue because there are people, who can suffer from the healthy issues if there is no focus on the food security. There are the issues regarding food security in the developed world as well as the developing world because there is food insecurity and food is expensive for all the people who are in the countries. There are issues for the developed and developing worlds because there are the barriers to the trade. Moreover, the consumer rights are focused in order to get the environmental protection and to provide the nations with the food security as farmers of Africa and other developing countries are producing and making efforts to support food securities in the developed countries.
The efforts are there for food security and grain imports are done, in order to feed the people of the other countries, especially the people of the developed countries, because the efforts are done in the agricultural segments of the countries for the food for export. In the agricultural production, there can be issue as within the exports there can be the fluctuations in the market prices. The food security is focused by various departments in the U.S and the other multi-national corporations including the trans-national corporations, so that there could be the advantages of the health and sustainability in the developing world. Thus, the macro-economic issues could be there in the countries, consisting of the food security, from the agricultural phenomena, issues can be there in the geographical approaches because developed and the developing countries can face the extreme food insecurity. Thus, in the United States, there is the urban poverty; stay focused on the standards of food security there is less security because the food is at the higher prices and many of the people cannot afford the prices of the healthy food. Concerning the economic issues in the U.S, it is a developed country; still there are the issues, in the developing or third world countries, because they have scare resources, however, they can get food at the low prices. Both the developed and developing countries are facing the tensions of the political issues, example the GATT and the WTO. Countries are also facing the tensions of the trade barriers example; Donald Trump has made different legislations on the imports and there are the trade barriers, as countries are focused to make better social contracts with the first world countries.
The Significance of Food Security and Regional Resilience
Africa Net Importer
Africa is known, as the net importer of the food in the various countries, as the agricultural is vast potential of the country, moreover, in the period of 1960-2007. There was the major agricultural productivity in the country and the from the year 2000 and 2005 there was the increase in the per capita income of the people of households and the people, example, USD 185 per. In the year, 1980 the country has grown consistently and by the year 2007, Africa has made the high records on the livestock products and the cereals. Therefore, from the years 1980 and 2007, there was the increase in the net food imports by the average of the 3.4 percent because the country has also started the trading of the fruits and vegetables regarding the cereal import values in the real terms. Thus, in the 1970’s there was the increase in the highest net food of imports. Africa is the famous country in making the grain and dealing with the issues of the food security, because it is in the low-income countries and do the efforts in order to give the quality food to the other developed countries, in this way, the economy and agriculture sector of Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa grows. Furthermore, the export revenues are high because there is the population growth that supports the food production to grow. Moreover, in Africa there is the growth of food consumption as the per capita income of the people are high, there is still weak economic growth in country, as the food expense and the household income is high in the people of Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa has better domestic production this is reason that people of Africa believes on food security and on providing the quality food all over the world, Africa’s population is feeding the developed and developed countries and there are the increase in imports. However, the country has the better agricultural productivity and this is the reason that the households in Africa are getting good food. South Africa has the internal and external agricultural policies, based on the reasons, Africa in recent years cannot achieved target as it achieve in year 2007, because the taxation on food production have made the exports and imports difficult in Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. Taxes have affected the food productivity; however, the country is doing the successful practices so that there could be effectively and growth in the African agriculture, thus, the domestic food production is focused on the agricultural productivity. In the African agriculture and the Sub-Saharan Africa there is the focus on the raw commodities, so that the export revenue.
Literatures have shown the increase in the Global food security as improvement; however, by the year 2009 and 2010, there was the global economic downturn as it was estimated by the food security assessment. Moreover, the countries are trying to compensate the food-insecure with the help f the Sub-Saharan Africa because the current trends of the Africa agricultural are focused on to increase the productivity, so that there could be the attempts to change trends in order to enhance the efficiency in the agriculture department. The country Africa and the other countries are focused on the production practices and the technologies so that there could be increase in the production. The country governments or the government of Africa is doing investments, in order to get advantages in the food security, trading or food availability. To increase the agricultural productivity Africa has analyzed the vulnerable to food insecurity for the effectiveness in the perspectives of the food security. Poor countries across the world are becoming the international donors like the Sub-Saharan Africa because the continuous efforts are there to improving the regions. Africa is doing investments on the technology adoption and on the deterioration in food security so that better advantages and benefits can be there by Sub-Saharan Africa. Major focus of the Sub-Saharan Africa is to facilitate the food security and to mitigate the poor countries so that there should not the production shortfalls. In the food insecurity, the production growth is focused by the countries, so that there should not be the further issues. Moreover, the population growth of the Sub-Saharan Africa has exceeded with the 3 percent, in every year. The country is following the capita nutritional standard so that there could be the best or better strategies for rising. The Sub-Saharan Africa has focused currently on the international research organizations so that the country could get help in order to expand the agricultural. Sub-Saharan Africa has focused on the food security so that the country could have the better socio-economic structures, in this way; the Africa is producing and making efforts to support food quality and food security for the grain import (Rosen & Shapouri, 2012).
Grain Optimization and Resilience
The grain resilience is supported much in the country Africa, as the agricultural has the enormous benefits and there is the increase in the net food imports by the average of the 3.4 percent, this mean that the country is improving the national, domestic and the international market. In the Sub-Saharan Africa, there is greatest and the largest support of the country trade partners, however, in the 2015 there was the increase by the 3–4% yearly because the GDP growth has arises in the country. Moreover, by the 2016 there was the greater self-sufficiency because the growth of the crops has increased by the central African countries. Africa has the greater benefits in the country domestic markets because the domestic supply shocks and the international markets give the benefits and revenue to the government and people, thus, there is the natural resource availability that promotes the specializing production of the crops.
The political environments of Africa are supportive and there is focus on to provide the strong human capital so that the country could get the large share or support of the GDP. In the region of Nigeria there is better focus on the crops, so that there could be agriculture benefits, Nigeria is fulfill the oil goal as well as the agriculture production goals for the Sub-Saharan Africa. The grain optimization, is giving the several benefits to the highest net food of imports. Africa is well known about the advantages that could be there by the developed countries. However, Africa is getting advantages in many ways as Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa grows the best quality food all over the world, and country is well aware of the growth perspectives. Thus, in the African agriculture there is focus on the global food security as improvement so that the grain optimization and resilience can increase the current trends of the Africa agricultural. The country is providing the increase in the productivity, as there are the attempts to change trends so that the country could grow and increase in the production. Moreover, the Sub-Saharan Africa is to facilitate the food security by the help of the international research organizations so that better productivity can be there in the country and better economic and food security can be focused in the countries. There country has the better conditions of the household political, geographical and the other economic factors because the support is there in the country. Africa is managing the agricultural crisis and aware of the modern capitalist economies in the home agricultural segment, thus, it provides the better individual knowledge because the countries have the awareness’ regarding the Sub-Saharan Africa crops and the healthy eating. The country is getting the healthy food in the country. However, there are the barriers, which the country has to face in the market, there is support to the trade but the barriers by the other countries always focused on the environmental protection and sometimes not provide the opportunities to farmers of Africa to get the better advantages of their own crop (Vanlauwea, Wendt, Giller, Corbeels, & Gerardf, 2013).
Physiological Factors of Grain
In the Africa and the Sub-Saharan Africa, there are sustainability benefits of the food because the country has the advantages of the food trade because the climate is suitable of the crops. Thus, the climate changes in many of the countries can create the issues and there can be the negative impact in the agricultural production because the environment and the soil to grow the crops in not suitable in the courtiers. Moreover, the crops in the sub-Saharan Africa have the starkest effects because the conditions of the soil advocate and promote the more sustainable growth for the agricultural production. Sub-Saharan Africa focus on to provide the benefits to the various countries, on the global scale Sub-Saharan Africa do the specializing production so that there could be the beneficial crops focused on the food security and grain imports. The land of Sub-Saharan Africa is supportive for the growth of the crops, because the land does not need the excessive land clearing or other process of the irrigation that requires the money, therefore, the Sub-Saharan Africa land is known as the most efficient land in the monetary terms. In the Sub-Saharan Africa, there is the natural resource availability, which provides the benefits to the food security, as the country is producing the sufficient quantities in order to support the climatic conditions and the soil quality so that there could be better resources and the availability of farmland. In the Sub-Saharan Africa, the water quality of soil is very good and the constraints have the resource endowments because the certain crops are better suited and are self-sufficient. In the sub-Saharan African, some countries have the negatively impacted by the climate change but most of the countries have the good climate. The country is focusing on the trades and there are the rising rates of dependence countries on the Sub-Saharan Africa because the country, food imports provide the benefits in the domestic supply shocks and the international markets. Moreover, greater benefits are to the country domestic markets. In the Sub-Saharan Africa, is the sensitive climatic variability as the country farmers are taking the steps, in order to reduce the impacts on the economic and environmental management in the country. However, the Sub-Saharan Africa focuses on the post drought management so that there could be fewer issues in the country (Shiferaw, Tesfaye, Kassie, Abate, Prasanna, & Menkirc, 2014).