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Alkaline Phosphatase Test Purpose

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Alkaline phosphatase is one kind of enzyme in found in human body in the kidneys, liver, bones and digestive system. The less amount of Alkaline phosphatase present in the liver is one of the reasons when the liver is not functioning right.

Liver is affected in Cirrhosis (when the certain parts of livers are damaged and decreases the overall performance of the liver), Hepatitis and Liver Cancer.

This test is prescribed to assess the health of the thyroid gland. It is usually preferred when hyperthyroidism is suspected i.e. when the thyroid gland is producing too much of the hormone thyroxine which plays an important role in digestion, heart and muscle function, brain development and maintenance of bones. When hyperthyroidism there’s sudden weight loss (as thyroxine increases the rate of digestion hence the metabolic rate increases), other symptoms are irregular heart beat, sweating, nervousness and irritability.

The hormone thyroxine produced by the thyroid glands is also called T4, thyroxine is responsible for many vital roles in the body for example, metabolism, heart and muscle function and brain development and bone maintenance, sometimes T4 exists freely meaning they are bonded with the proteins in the blood. Hence FT4 measures the free T4 present in the body.

Generally, white blood cells, red blood cells and plasma are all three things that make up the blood. White blood cells help maintain a healthy immune system whereas plasma in the blood is involved in recovering damaged parts of the body. Red blood cells carry oxygen and distributes it to part were oxygen is needed. Hence for the healthy blood the Full Blood Count is needed to ensure that there’s no anaemias, infection or leukaemia

Globulins are a group of protein in your blood which are made in the liver by the immune system. Globulins plays a vital role in the liver function, blood clotting, fighting infection. There are four main types, alpha 1, alpha 2, beta 1 and beta 2. The amount of globulin help diagnoses many diseases such as liver damage or disease, kidney diseases, nutritional problems and certain types of cancer.

This is a type of haemoglobin that is used to determine the level of blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months. People with diabetes require this test to determine if their blood sugar level is staying within the required range.

Genital Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria it can also be passed through vaginal, oral and anal sexual intercourse. The symptoms are painful and frequent urination, yellow discharge from urethra and vagina and bleeding between menstruations.

Hepatitis B is an infection occurring in liver that may cause scarring of the liver, cancer and failure. It is spread when a person is contact with the blood infected with hepatitis B virus. HBV antigens are protein that causes the immune system to produce antibodies to fight back this virus.

Hepatitis C Antibodies exists in the blood stream and indicates the presence of HCV virus. The immune system produces HCV antibodies to fight back with the HCV or Hepatitis C virus.

Oral Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease occurs by bacteria. The symptoms of oral gonorrhoea are having a sore throat and discomfort when swallowing food.

There are two types of HIV 1 and 2 and discriminating between them is clinically important. And 5th generation HIV test is the test that discriminates between the two types.  HIV 1 is more common than HIV 2, hence needed different treatment.

Oral Chlamydia is a sexual transmitted disease that is transferred through the oral sexual intercourse when the mouth becomes in contact with the bodily fluid. It is causes by bacteria and the symptoms are sore throat, cough and fever.

Phosphorous is a mineral that is required to build strong teeth and bones. It is also needed for a nerve signalling (when the brain sends signals through our nerves) and muscle contraction. Abnormal levels of phosphorous occurs in bone, liver and kidney diseases.

Rectal Gonorrhoea occurs due to sexual intercourse by bacteria when bodily fluid is exchanged.  Symptoms of rectal infection in both men and women may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements

T4 or thyroxine is a hormone produced by the thyroid glands is responsible for many vital roles in the body for example, metabolism, heart and muscle function and brain development and bone maintenance one produced by the thyroid gland that’s below are neck.

Testosterone is a hormone found in male that regulates fertility, muscle mass, fat distribution, and red blood cell production.

Iron is needed to produce red blood cells in the body. Total iron-binding capacity means where there’s too much or too little iron in your bloodstream.

The total protein test measures the total amount of two classes of proteins found in the fluid portion of your blood. These are albumin and globulin. Proteins are important parts of all cells and tissues. Albumin helps prevent fluid from leaking out of blood vessels

TSH stands for thyroid stimulating hormone. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located near your throat. Your thyroid makes hormones that regulate the way your body uses energy. It also plays an important role in regulating your weight, body temperature, muscle strength, and even your mood. TSH is made in a gland in the brain called the pituitary. When thyroid levels in your body are low, the pituitary gland makes more TSH. When thyroid levels are high, the pituitary gland makes less TSH

Chlamydia occurring in the rectal due to rectal sexual intercourse. This occurs due to the bacteria in genital secretions. Causing rectal pain, rectal discharge, bleeding and difficulty in the bowel movement.

Vitamin B-12 is an important vitamin for many bodily functions, such as brain health, blood cell production, and proper nerve functioning.

Vitamin D is an important mineral needed by the body. Vitamin D to absorb calcium and promote bone growth. Too little vitamin D results in soft bones in children (rickets) and fragile

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