The greatest scientific achievement of nineteenth century is discovery of electricity. Before electricity existed, the people stated off by themselves going to build the fire in the cook stove and used the cools. Electricity -carrier of light and power, devourer of time and space, bearer of human speech over land and sea, Is the greatest servant of man, though it is itself unknown.
In today’s culture, electricity is a vital part of functioning as a society. Electricity regulates the clock that rouses us from bed; boils the water that makes our tea; cooks our food; works the radio or TV that tells us the news; rings the bell that announces a visitors; carries our message to distant places; conveys us to office in luxurious tram-cars and trains; takes us to our room in some multi-stories building on elevators; refrigerates the food to keep it completely fresh, lights our rooms. In short, our lives almost come to a standstill without electricity.
Furthermore, it is also our gateway for knowledge and allows us to find anything within a matter of seconds. Everyone can today find a book to his choice and of a suitable standard with the help of internet. The printing of such a large number of books and periodicals has been made possible by the invention of electric printing press. Hence, electricity has made us an incredible intelligent and aware society.
Besides, electricity has also allowed us to become healthier. Without electricity, hospitals would have significantly less medical equipment available to help people with medical problems. Electricity, hence, saves lives and allows people to live longer.
But, unfortunately in our country its supply has not been able to meet the demand for it. Our country is quite rich in natural resources which are needed for its generation. Scientists are racing to perfect greener sources of energy to improve the electricity production and reduce dependence on oil and other fossil fuels to save environment. Some predict a hydrogen economy. Others say solar is the way to go. Wilder schemes involve sky high turbines or anti-matter engines. By exploiting these methods, more of electricity will have to be generated.
In conclusion, electricity does everything for our comfort and convenience with utmost efficiency at all hours. 20th century is making use of electricity so extensively that it has almost changed the face of earth.
According to Alfred Smee
“Electricity is but yet a new agent for the arts and manufactures, and doubtless, generations unborn will regard with interest this century, in which it has been applied to the wants of mankind”.
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